Cross-Frontal Exchange and Scotian Shelf Cross-over Workshops

10-12 October, 2000

Holiday Inn, Falmouth, Massachusetts



Cross-Frontal Exchange

Presentations Discussion Topics Upcoming North Sea Study (LIFECO) (St. John)

Scotian Shelf Cross-over

Presentations Discussion Questions Synthesis Topics Appendix


Distribution of Salinity on the Cap of Georges Bank

Bob Houghton (LDEO)

During the Fluorescein dye experiments #1 and #2 on the south flank (May 20-30) and #3 on the northeast peak (June 1-6) there were repeated cross bank hydrographic sections. The T/S diagram (Fig. F1, below) derived from the undulating Scanfish shows both vertical (10-80 m depth) and horizontal variations of T and S. There is a pronounced salinity minimum on the south flank not seen on the northeast peak or on the north flank (not shown). This salinity minimum (Fig. F2, below), located throughout the water column over the 60-70 m isobath, is associated with 7C water. It may have an origin in the upper water column slightly further offshore which then mixes down near the tidal front. On the north flank and northeast peak low salinity water is confined to the near surface over the shelf break. The disparity of these two features suggests that the origin of the freshwater on the south flank was from a Scotian Shelf Water cross-over event onto the southern northeast peak. The particular event may be the one observed in April at the NEP mooring.

Figure F1.   Red (#1) and green (#2) data are from just west of the Schlitz mooring on the south flank; blue (#3) data are from the northeast peak west of moorings NFD and NFS.

Figure F2.   Cross-bank sections of the same data used in Fig. F1. For #1 and #2 the on-bank direction is to the right; for #3 on-bank is to the left.